This page contains links to information about incinerators and to research
into the emissions and by-products of the waste incineration process. The
weight of evidence that incineration is harmful to health is overwhelming and
this conclusion was reached by the Environment Minister
Michael Meacher in his recent representation to the House of Lords. Despite
this and despite the Prime Minister's new initiatives for the environment, incinerators
remain firmly on the agenda.
Many of these links were researched and put together
by CANK, a group opposed to a proposed kiln fuelled by waste in Flintshire
Wales and we are indebted to them for this resource. These Kilns are not the
same as the propoposed incinerator in Newhaven but many of the concerns are common and
these links provide information on the issues around the burning of waste in general. The Padeswood Flintshire
proposal is subject to a public enquiry at the moment and you can follow this as well
as find a a rich source of additional information at - www.cank.org.uk
Waste Local Plan
East Sussex County Council
ESCC - Waste Plan overview
ESCC - Waste Local Plan
Brighton and Hove Council
Reports by experts
on specific issues related to waste incineration
Senior Lecturer at Liverpool University
Professor of Chemistry at St Lawrence University in New York.
- Comprehensive series of reports and links
on the dangers of Incinerator Dust, for the European Union
World (Industry Magazine) Report on Burning Tyres
National Research Council
Friends of the Earth
Wide Fund for Nature
& Legislature - Local and National & International
House of Lords Report
- The Closure of a Kiln
& Safety Executive
Department of Environment, Transport and the Regions Environment
Transport and Regional Affairs Committee
Court of Human Rights
(Human Rights Organisation)
Commission on the Environment
Many nationals are now taking up the
waste incineration issue - particularly The Guardianand The
Search Engine at the bottom of the first page)
(Archive Search Engine - click 'Search' on the LHS navigation bar)
'poisons lung patients'
Although written in November 1997 this article is still highly relevant
and very disturbing
Reports by experts on specific issues relating to the burning of
Two news stories relating to an Irish community who opposed the burning
of toxic waste by a local company.
Hearing Highlights Flawed Industrial Licensing
Incinerator Decision Leaves Objectors Fuming
Invaluable Reports on this most toxic family of chemicals, all produced
in greater quantities during the burning
of toxic waste and likely to affect the health of the surrounding population,
especially the children.
(See also News Reports 18th May
2000 & Health Effects
of Regulated Air Pollutants)
Report (June 2000)
Excellent explanation of what Dioxins are and the harm they can cause.
Dioxin Report (Nov 1999)
(with thanks to Ralph Ryder)
Extensive Report from US based action group (Center
for Health, Environment and Justice
Support Document Dated November
1999. Scientific basis for the above report. Long, but well worth a look
and written mostly in layman's language.
by Linda Birnbaum
Technical report but details the dangers of these highly toxic chemicals.Written
in 1993 - still highly relevant.
Dioxins are part of this group about which there are extensive health concerns
all over the world, particularly with
regard to foetal development;fertility; and cancers.
For a full list of relevant Internet sites, go to a good search engine
(eg Google) and use key phrase "endocrine
disrupting chemicals" + incineration (include the quotes & + sign).
In the meantime, here are a few links you might like to look at:
Our Stolen Future
Contains a wealth of information about the science and policy of endocrine
disruption since 1996.
Disrupting Chemicals (EDCs)
Excellent piece from Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy (IATP),
Questions About Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals (EDCs)
From Agriculture and Agri Food Dept - Canada
Pollution in the Houston-Galveston Corridor
From Neil Carman PhD
Further EDC items can also be found on this Links page under: Dr
FoE Article & Press
Release; World Wide Fund for Nature
Comprehensive site (in English!) with good links, concerned about the pollution
of Prague, in particular
from a proposed waste incinerator. (May 2000)
See also link to the Liberac
Incinerator opposition group in North Bohemia
Worried not only about waste incineration but also that the proposed plant
will NOT be up to date!
Belgian Site, also in English, dealing with their dioxin scare but also
providing a huge number of links to other
Dioxin related sites.
Senior Lecturer in Foetal Toxico Pathology at Liverpool University
Spoke at Public Meeting
Dr Howard covered a huge amount of information during his presentation.
For examples of just two highly informative slides that he used, check out:
Where he uses Castle Cement's own figures to show the increased 'burden'
Municipal Waste Particulate Aerosol Emissions in Context with Vehicle Emissions
Cars are also a source of particulate pollution. This simple arithmetical
illustrates the sort of vehicle miles needed to produce similar emission
levels to a municipal waste
to Dr Robert's Report to North
Wales Health Authority d/d 11/99
Co-written with Dr G Staats de Yanes, also at Liverpool University, this
is highly critical of the consultant's
Professor of Chemistry at St Lawrence University in New York, for the past
14 years he has researched waste
management issues with a special emphasis on the dangers posed by incineration.
waste incineration: A poor solution for the twenty first century
The full text of a speech on incineration and waste reduction from another
authoratative source which not only concisely
defines the dangers of waste incineration but also highlights the concerns
and opposition to this type of waste disposal
from peoples all over the world.
CANK has indexed the text and it
is well worth a look - especially the sections on Toxic
Metals and Dioxins
especial thanks to the campaign opposing the Mountfield
Incinerator , East Sussex
EU Dust Report 5/99
Objective Report on the Health Effects of dust emissions from incinerators
Concludes that the majority of dust from toxic waste incineration is in
the highly dangerous 'below PM10' band.
German Site - go to Archiv and you will see the report in English.
In particular, check out pp3;20; and 25
Research Foundation Library
'Rachel' a searchable Resource
World Report on Burning Tyres
Industry magazine report - see section d/d 7/5/99
American Lung Association
and Disposal of Hazardous Waste Combustion in Cement Kilns
A 1995 in-depth report -
still highly relevant
' There is evidence that
kilns which use hazardous waste fuel emit solid particulate matter and
at higher stack gas concentrations and in greater volumes than state-of-the-art
waste incinerators5, and that cement products and kiln dust from
waste burning kilns
concentrations of these hazardous substances than from kilns which burn
US National Research Council
Waste Incinerators Safer, But Some Emissions and Health Concerns Need Further
Summary of an academic EPA funded study in 1997:
'Some studies have shown, however, that workers
at municipal-waste incinerators have been exposed to high
concentrations of dioxins and toxic
metals, particularly lead, cadmium, and mercury'
An excellent 1997 Report compiled by the FoE to highlight their dissatisfaction
with the Environment Agency's
published conclusions from their 'Air Quality Monitoring in the Clitheroe
area of Lancashire' Report.
Two quotations, in particular, highlight the growing concern that exists
over the Environment Agency's effectiveness in
Environment Agency's misleading presentation of this data demonstrates
that it is not being 'a fair
and rigorous regulator', as the Environment Minister Michael Meacher stated
that he had told it to be on
the 18th June in a written answer to parliament' (Summary - Section
'This pro-cement industry spin reinforces Friends of the Earth's concerns
that the Environment Agency is
not doing its job properly.'(Conclusion)
Associates Report - April 2000
Environmental Impact and the Public's Perception of The Effectiveness of
Integrated Pollution Control
At Castle Cement Clitheroe Lancs - a highly critical report.
Environmental Chemist and author of 'Misleading the
to Hormone Disrupting Chemicals
This is his own Web Site.
in Smoke: Why Friends of the Earth opposes incineration
waste strategy slammed: FOE says recycle it and start again
9/99 Press Release severly critisising the Government's attitude to pollution
control and incineration in particular.
- Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals
Chemicals: A threat to our health - and that of the environment
Release: Chemical Industry Tries To Stop Action On Dangerous Hormone Pollution
Agency Failing the Poor (Industrial Pollution)
How the siting of polluting plants tends to be near lower income areas.
See also 1999 Press Briefing Pollution
Injustice "Industrial Pollution hits the poorest hardest."
and Pollution Press Release Index 1999
General Index - search under 'cement'
An environmental campaigner and expert:
to the 1996 Danish Symposium on Hazardous Waste Managerment
Letter covering the burning of toxic waste in cement kilns
Incineration by the
Back Door - Cement Kilns as Waste Sinks
An excellent Report combining the technical aspects of this issue with the human
effects of Castle's
Ralph Ryder -
Speaker at Public Meeting 30/11/99
CATS - an amalgamation of groups against toxic pollution, based in Ellesmere
Port producing Toxcat, a newsletter.
Anyone wisheing for more information on CATS or wishing to subscribe to
Toxcat, can E-Mail Ralph
Byker - Incinerator Ash used on Allotments (Spring 2000)
up Toxcat Report April/May 2000
Ash is Inert
Whilst dealing with an incinerator ash problem that is hopefully unique
to Newcastle, this extremely disturbing
March 2000 report highlights 'an astonishing level of ignorance concerning
the ash content within
Newcastle City Council, Newcastle Health Authority and the companies operating
the incinerator' and
has clear implications for the ash disposal issues that will be associated
with the proposed Padeswood kiln.
'The British Journal of Cancer reported that people living within
4.6 miles of municipal waste
incinerators have an increased likelihood of developing cancers'
at risk from poisoned ash on paths - Guardian Article d/d 8th
May 2000 following up on this disturbing
"Municipal waste incinerators are a particularly effective way of generating
very large quantities of a
huge number of compounds and dispersing them into the air and food chain."
Giving further background to this important issue.
National Newspaper Articles as first scientific report published
copy of that report from Department of Epidemiology and Public Health,
Independant Environmental consultant.
Good links via Internet Hotlist
US Based group with good general pollution links
The British Government Ignores the Dangers to Health
Wide Fund for Nature (World Wildlife Fund)
more on the effects of endocrine disrupting chemicals - see Dr
Warhurst's site and EDCs above)
for more research into 'gender benders'
changes wrought in the embryo by only a single tiny exposure may deliver
an effect many
years later or may even emerge in a later generation."
urged to tackle "hand-me-down" poisons
new WWF report warns that babies in the UK are being exposed to between
10 and 40 times the World
Health Organisation's (WHO) daily limit of a range of hormone-disrupting
ignoring critical toxic chemical issues
"An ever-expanding scientific database shows that hormone disrupting chemicals
are causing birth
defects, reproductive, behavioural and developmental abnormalities in wildlife
and may be causing similar
effects in humans.
chemical threatens children's health
Whilst not directly related to waste incineration, this report is illustrative
of the growing concern being expressed on
the presence of endocrine disrupting chemicals in plastics.
"Children, and in particluar, unborn and new born babies, are at the highest
risk from chemicals of this
type. During critical development stages, imbalances of hormones can have
pronounced effects, some of
which may not reveal themselves until much later in life."
Canada's Web Guide to Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals
Local group in Washington
State, USA dedicated to reducing the prevalence of toxic chemicals in the
'Visualising Zero' is an interesting concept/goal.
Net resource of environmental
A charitable organisation dedicated to advising and representing environmental
campaign groups on a Pro Bono basis
A group of 130 NGOs (Non-governmental organisations) from 24 countries
dedicated to networking on environmental
Mountfield Heritage Group
Web Site of a group opposing
the building of a waste incinerator on the High Weald in East Sussex, near
See their Fax
to Michael Meacher 31 May 2000 - very to the point!
Time to Waste - Greenpeace's Toxic Waste Incineration Site
'There is no room for incineration of
wastes in a sustainable society'
excellent site providing a good overview of the issues involved; a wide
range of links; and a review of viable
alternatives to waste incineration - toxic or otherwise. WELL WORTH
Government & Legislature
House of Lords Report
Published July 1999, a key report on Waste Incineration
Communities - Eleventh Report
Debates for 21 Oct 1998 (pt 19)
Debates for 21 Oct 1998 (pt 20)
Featuring Michael Meacher
See also Killamarsh - below
- Department for Environment, Transport and the Regions
a Better Quality of Life - Report published April 2000 (requires an
See also the independant Report by Peak
Associates, Environmental Consultants, published at the same time
of Money, Waste of Space( Press Release
25th May 2000)
Transport and Regional Affairs Committee
6th Report on the Environment Agency (May 2000)
Press Release (20th
May 2000) - (Requires an Acrobat
Highly critical government report of the EA's effectiveness
(for related reading, see Peak Report & Misleading
US equivalent of our own Environment
of Solid Waste
Reassessment (basis for the
draft report leaked to The Washington Post - May 2000)
of public information
Dioxin Reassessment Report (released 12 June 2000)
An extremely important document, which completely reappraises the toxicity
Court of Human Rights
of Europe - European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental
Check out Article 8 and John Ellis
Press Release 25th May 2000
alsoJohn Ellis Letter 4th August
2000- 'Kiln proposal violates our human rights'
the human rights organisation
See also John Ellis Press Release 25th
On Waste Incineration
Directive 23 February 2000