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This page contains links to information about incinerators and to research into the emissions and by-products of the waste incineration process. The weight of evidence that incineration is harmful to health is overwhelming and this conclusion was reached by the Environment Minister Michael Meacher in his recent representation to the House of Lords. Despite this and despite the Prime Minister's new initiatives for the environment, incinerators remain firmly on the agenda.

Many of these links were researched and put together by CANK, a group opposed to a proposed kiln fuelled by waste in Flintshire Wales and we are indebted to them for this resource. These Kilns are not the same as the propoposed incinerator in Newhaven but many of the concerns are common and these links provide information on the issues around the burning of waste in general. The Padeswood Flintshire proposal is subject to a public enquiry at the moment and you can follow this as well as find a a rich source of additional information at -

Waste Local Plan

East Sussex County Council
ESCC - Waste Plan overview
ESCC - Waste Local Plan
Brighton and Hove Council

Reports by experts on specific issues related to waste incineration
Dr Vyvyan Howard
Senior Lecturer at Liverpool University
Dr Paul Connett
Professor of Chemistry at St Lawrence University in New York.

Dioxins - Comprehensive series of reports and links

Report on the dangers of Incinerator Dust, for the European Union
Environmental Research Foundation
Recycling World (Industry Magazine) Report on Burning Tyres
American Lung Association
US National Research Council

Environmental Groups

Dr Michael Warhurst
Roger Lilley
Green Channel
Friends of the Earth
Paul Mobbs
Ralph Ryder (CATS)
Toxic Alert
World Wide Fund for Nature
Washington Toxics Coalition

Government & Legislature - Local and National & International

The House of Lords Report
Killamarsh - The Closure of a Kiln
Health & Safety Executive
DETR - Department of Environment, Transport and the Regions Environment Agency

Environment, Transport and Regional Affairs Committee

US Environmental Protection Agency

European Court of Human Rights
Liberty (Human Rights Organisation)

European Parliament

Legal Reports
ENDS Reports

Royal Commission on the Environment

National Newspapers
Many nationals are now taking up the waste incineration issue - particularly The Guardianand
The Independant

The Guardian
The Observer
The Independant (Archive Search Engine at the bottom of the first page)
The Telegraph
The Times (Archive Search Engine - click 'Search' on the LHS navigation bar)
Factory 'poisons lung patients'
Although written in November 1997 this article is still highly relevant and very disturbing

Clare Castle
Two news stories relating to an Irish community who opposed the burning of toxic waste by a local company.
Oral Hearing Highlights Flawed Industrial Licensing
Clarecastle Incinerator Decision Leaves Objectors Fuming

Reports- Reports by experts on specific issues relating to the burning of toxic waste

Invaluable Reports on this most toxic family of chemicals, all produced in greater quantities during the burning
of toxic waste and likely to affect the health of the surrounding population, especially the children.
(See also News Reports 18th May 2000 & Health Effects of Regulated Air Pollutants)
EPA Report (June 2000)

The Dioxin Homepage
Excellent explanation of what Dioxins are and the harm they can cause.

The Dioxin Report (Nov 1999)
(with thanks to Ralph Ryder)
Extensive Report from US based action group (Center for Health, Environment and Justice )
Technical Support Document Dated November 1999. Scientific basis for the above report. Long, but well worth a look and written mostly in layman's language.

Dioxin by Linda Birnbaum
Technical report but details the dangers of these highly toxic chemicals.Written in 1993 - still highly relevant.

Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals
Dioxins are part of this group about which there are extensive health concerns all over the world, particularly with
regard to foetal development;fertility; and cancers.
For a full list of relevant Internet sites, go to a good search engine (eg Google) and use key phrase "endocrine
disrupting chemicals" + incineration (include the quotes & + sign).

In the meantime, here are a few links you might like to look at:
Our Stolen Future
Contains a wealth of information about the science and policy of endocrine disruption since 1996.
Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals (EDCs)
Excellent piece from Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy (IATP), Minneapolis
Frequently Asked Questions About Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals (EDCs)
From Agriculture and Agri Food Dept - Canada
Toxic Air Pollution in the Houston-Galveston Corridor
From Neil Carman PhD

Further EDC items can also be found on this Links page under: Dr Michael Warhurst;
FoE Article & Press Release; World Wide Fund for Nature

Czech web site
Comprehensive site (in English!) with good links, concerned about the pollution of Prague, in particular
from a proposed waste incinerator. (May 2000)
See also link to the Liberac Incinerator opposition group in North Bohemia
Worried not only about waste incineration but also that the proposed plant will NOT be up to date!

Vad's Corner
Belgian Site, also in English, dealing with their dioxin scare but also providing a huge number of links to other
Dioxin related sites.

Dr Vyvyan Howard
Senior Lecturer in Foetal Toxico Pathology at Liverpool University
Spoke at Public Meeting 30/11/99
Dr Howard covered a huge amount of information during his presentation.
For examples of just two highly informative slides that he used, check out:

Fuel Analysis
Where he uses Castle Cement's own figures to show the increased 'burden' of cemfuel.

Setting Municipal Waste Particulate Aerosol Emissions in Context with Vehicle Emissions
Cars are also a source of particulate pollution. This simple arithmetical calculation
illustrates the sort of vehicle miles needed to produce similar emission levels to a municipal waste

Response to Dr Robert's Report to North Wales Health Authority d/d 11/99
Co-written with Dr G Staats de Yanes, also at Liverpool University, this is highly critical of the consultant's

Dr Paul Connett
Professor of Chemistry at St Lawrence University in New York, for the past 14 years he has researched waste
management issues with a special emphasis on the dangers posed by incineration.
Municipal waste incineration: A poor solution for the twenty first century
The full text of a speech on incineration and waste reduction from another authoratative source which not only concisely
defines the dangers of waste incineration but also highlights the concerns and opposition to this type of waste disposal
from peoples all over the world.
CANK has indexed the text and it is well worth a look - especially the sections on Toxic Metals and Dioxins
With especial thanks to the campaign opposing the Mountfield Incinerator , East Sussex

├ľkopol - EU Dust Report 5/99
Objective Report on the Health Effects of dust emissions from incinerators
Concludes that the majority of dust from toxic waste incineration is in the highly dangerous 'below PM10' band.
German Site - go to Archiv and you will see the report in English.
In particular, check out pp3;20; and 25

Environmental Research Foundation Library
'Rachel' a searchable Resource

Recycling World Report on Burning Tyres
Industry magazine report - see section d/d 7/5/99

American Lung Association
Recycling and Disposal of Hazardous Waste Combustion in Cement Kilns
A 1995 in-depth report - still highly relevant
' There is evidence that kilns which use hazardous waste fuel emit solid particulate matter and chlorinated
dioxin compounds at higher stack gas concentrations and in greater volumes than state-of-the-art
commercial hazardous waste incinerators5, and that cement products and kiln dust from waste burning kilns
contain higher concentrations of these hazardous substances than from kilns which burn only conventional
fossil fuels.6'

US National Research Council
New Waste Incinerators Safer, But Some Emissions and Health Concerns Need Further Study
Summary of an academic EPA funded study in 1997:
'Some studies have shown, however, that workers at municipal-waste incinerators have been exposed to high
concentrations of dioxins and toxic metals, particularly lead, cadmium, and mercury'

Environmental Groups

'Misleading the Minister?
An excellent 1997 Report compiled by the FoE to highlight their dissatisfaction with the Environment Agency's
published conclusions from their 'Air Quality Monitoring in the Clitheroe area of Lancashire' Report.
Two quotations, in particular, highlight the growing concern that exists over the Environment Agency's effectiveness in
pollution control:

'The Environment Agency's misleading presentation of this data demonstrates that it is not being 'a fair
and rigorous regulator', as the Environment Minister Michael Meacher stated that he had told it to be on
the 18th June in a written answer to parliament' (Summary - Section (6))

'This pro-cement industry spin reinforces Friends of the Earth's concerns that the Environment Agency is
not doing its job properly.'(Conclusion)

Peak Associates Report - April 2000
The Environmental Impact and the Public's Perception of The Effectiveness of Integrated Pollution Control
At Castle Cement Clitheroe Lancs - a highly critical report.

Dr Michael Warhurst
Environmental Chemist and author of 'Misleading the Minister?'
Introduction to Hormone Disrupting Chemicals
This is his own Web Site.

Up in Smoke: Why Friends of the Earth opposes incineration

Draft waste strategy slammed: FOE says recycle it and start again
9/99 Press Release severly critisising the Government's attitude to pollution control and incineration in particular.

EDCs - Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals
Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals: A threat to our health - and that of the environment
Press Release: Chemical Industry Tries To Stop Action On Dangerous Hormone Pollution
Environnment Agency Failing the Poor (Industrial Pollution)
How the siting of polluting plants tends to be near lower income areas.
See also 1999 Press Briefing Pollution Injustice "Industrial Pollution hits the poorest hardest."

Industry and Pollution Press Release Index 1999
General Index - search under 'cement'

Roger Lilley
An environmental campaigner and expert:
Presentation to the 1996 Danish Symposium on Hazardous Waste Managerment
1996 Letter covering the burning of toxic waste in cement kilns
Incineration by the Back Door - Cement Kilns as Waste Sinks (Tom Hellberg)
An excellent Report combining the technical aspects of this issue with the human effects of Castle's

Ralph Ryder - CATS
Speaker at Public Meeting 30/11/99
CATS - an amalgamation of groups against toxic pollution, based in Ellesmere Port producing Toxcat, a newsletter.
Anyone wisheing for more information on CATS or wishing to subscribe to Toxcat, can E-Mail Ralph

Incinerator/dioxin stories

Newcastle Byker - Incinerator Ash used on Allotments (Spring 2000)
Incinerator Ash is Inert
Whilst dealing with an incinerator ash problem that is hopefully unique to Newcastle, this extremely disturbing
March 2000 report highlights 'an astonishing level of ignorance concerning the ash content within
Newcastle City Council, Newcastle Health Authority and the companies operating the incinerator' and
has clear implications for the ash disposal issues that will be associated with the proposed Padeswood kiln.
'The British Journal of Cancer reported that people living within 4.6 miles of municipal waste
incinerators have an increased likelihood of developing cancers'
Children at risk from poisoned ash on paths - Guardian Article d/d 8th May 2000 following up on this disturbing
"Municipal waste incinerators are a particularly effective way of generating very large quantities of a
huge number of compounds and dispersing them into the air and food chain."

Alan Watson, Environmental Consultant
Follow up Toxcat Report April/May 2000
Giving further background to this important issue.

Related National Newspaper Articles as first scientific report published
Full copy of that report from Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Newcastle University

Paul Mobbs
Independant Environmental consultant.
Good links via Internet Hotlist

Toxic Alert
US Based group with good general pollution links
Incineration: The British Government Ignores the Dangers to Health

World Wide Fund for Nature (World Wildlife Fund)
(for more on the effects of endocrine disrupting chemicals - see Dr Warhurst's site and EDCs above)
Call for more research into 'gender benders'
"irreversible changes wrought in the embryo by only a single tiny exposure may deliver an effect many
years later or may even emerge in a later generation."
Government urged to tackle "hand-me-down" poisons
"A new WWF report warns that babies in the UK are being exposed to between 10 and 40 times the World
Health Organisation's (WHO) daily limit of a range of hormone-disrupting chemicals."
Ministers ignoring critical toxic chemical issues
"An ever-expanding scientific database shows that hormone disrupting chemicals are causing birth
defects, reproductive, behavioural and developmental abnormalities in wildlife and may be causing similar
effects in humans.
Toxic chemical threatens children's health
Whilst not directly related to waste incineration, this report is illustrative of the growing concern being expressed on
the presence of endocrine disrupting chemicals in plastics.
"Children, and in particluar, unborn and new born babies, are at the highest risk from chemicals of this
type. During critical development stages, imbalances of hormones can have pronounced effects, some of
which may not reveal themselves until much later in life."
WWF Canada's Web Guide to Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals

Washington Toxics Coalition
Local group in Washington State, USA dedicated to reducing the prevalence of toxic chemicals in the environment
The Report 'Visualising Zero' is an interesting concept/goal.

The Green Channel
Net resource of environmental groups, including
Environment Law Foundation
A charitable organisation dedicated to advising and representing environmental campaign groups on a Pro Bono basis
European Environmental Bureau
A group of 130 NGOs (Non-governmental organisations) from 24 countries dedicated to networking on environmental

The Mountfield Heritage Group
Web Site of a group opposing the building of a waste incinerator on the High Weald in East Sussex, near Hastings.
See their Fax to Michael Meacher 31 May 2000 - very to the point!

No Time to Waste - Greenpeace's Toxic Waste Incineration Site
'There is no room for incineration of wastes in a sustainable society'
An excellent site providing a good overview of the issues involved; a wide range of links; and a review of viable
alternatives to waste incineration - toxic or otherwise. WELL WORTH A VISIT

Government & Legislature

House of Lords Report
Published July 1999, a key report on Waste Incineration
European Communities - Eleventh Report

Hansard Debates for 21 Oct 1998 (pt 19)
Hansard Debates for 21 Oct 1998 (pt 20)
Featuring Michael Meacher
See also Killamarsh - below

DETR - Department for Environment, Transport and the Regions
Building a Better Quality of Life - Report published April 2000 (requires an Acrobat reader)
See also the independant Report by Peak Associates, Environmental Consultants, published at the same time

Waste of Money, Waste of Space( Press Release 25th May 2000)
Related Waste Strategy document

Environment, Transport and Regional Affairs Committee
6th Report on the Environment Agency (May 2000)
Press Release (20th May 2000) - (Requires an Acrobat Reader)
Full Report
Highly critical government report of the EA's effectiveness
(for related reading, see Peak Report & Misleading the Minister)


Environmental Protection Agency
US equivalent of our own Environment Agency
Office of Solid Waste
Hazardous Waste Combustion
Risk Documents
Dioxin Reassessment (basis for the draft report leaked to The Washington Post - May 2000)
Downloads of public information

Draft Dioxin Reassessment Report (released 12 June 2000)
An extremely important document, which completely reappraises the toxicity of dioxins.

European Court of Human Rights
Council of Europe - European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
Check out Article 8 and John Ellis Press Release 25th May 2000
alsoJohn Ellis Letter 4th August 2000- 'Kiln proposal violates our human rights'

Liberty - the human rights organisation
See also John Ellis Press Release 25th May 2000

European Parliment
Environment Committee Updates

Legal Reports

ENDS Reports On Waste Incineration Directive 23 February 2000